Wat is open science?

Open science is een internationaal fenomeen dat door de Europese Commissie wordt gedefinieerd als:

“Open science represents a new approach to the scientific process based on cooperative work and new ways of diffusing knowledge by using digital technologies and new collaborative tools. The idea captures a systemic change to the way science and research have been carried out for the last fifty years: shifting from the standard practices of publishing research results in scientific publications towards sharing and using all available knowledge at an earlier stage in the research process”. (European Commission, n.d.)

Het doel hiervan is omschreven in de – verder reikende – definitie van Foster. Het gaat erom dat anderen naast de wetenschapper zelf in de gelegenheid zijn mee te werken, gebruik te maken van en bij te dragen aan het wetenschappelijk proces.

“Open science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.”