What is open science?
Definition of open science
Open Science is an international phenomenon which is defined by the European Commission as:
“Open Science represents a new approach to the scientific process based on cooperative work and new ways of diffusing knowledge by using digital technologies and new collaborative tools. The idea captures a systemic change to the way science and research have been carried out for the last fifty years: shifting from the standard practices of publishing research results in scientific publications towards sharing and using all available knowledge at an earlier stage in the research process”. (European Commission, n.d.)
The purpose of open science is described in the (more comprehensive) definition by Foster, which highlights the aspect of allowing others – not just scientists – to participate, use and contribute to the research process.
“Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.”